Friday, 18 January 2019

Party Like It's 1947


"Drum majorettes in a monster two-hour long parade which was a feature event of the Marian Congress Saturday, with 20 religious floats."

June, 1947

PH 09M/56P
ARCAT Photograph Collection

It's time to celebrate! Strike up the band! This week was Cardinal Collins' birthday. He was born January 16, 1947. Here in the archives we started wondering what it would have been like for for Cardinal McGuigan in 1947. He had been made Cardinal the year before and was a celebrated leader in the city. The second world war had just ended, and people were thinking about what to do with returning soldiers, as well as reconstructing Europe, and the threats of communism and fascism. The population was rapidly growing as European immigrants moved to Canada and country folk became city dwellers. Lots of changes were coming!

In Toronto there were about a million people. The Maple Leafs won the Stanley cup that year, the St. Mike's Majors won the Memorial Cup, and the Argos won the Grey Cup. The movie Gentleman's Agreement picked up three Oscars including best picture, and music by Frank Sinatra, The Andrews Sisters, and Al Jolson was popular. Radio was well established in the home, though it would soon give way to television.

The King was George VI, the Prime Minister was William Lyon Mackenzie King, and the Premier was George Drew:

"Deeply grateful for your kindness. As I was leaving immediately I had no opportunity to thank you before departure. Have just returned from Germany where conditions are beyond imagination. Will look forward to discussing this with you on my return. - George Drew."

May 27 1947

MG DA33.19
Cardinal McGuigan Fonds


The Pope was Pius XII:

A portrait of Pope Pius XII

1940s

PH 62/33P
ARCAT Photograph Collection
The Pope's inscription reads, "To Our Beloved Son, James Charles Cardinal McGuigan, Archbishop of Toronto, to his Clergy, Religious and Faithful We lovingly impart Our Paternal Apostolic Benediction.

Pius pp.XII

From Castelgandolfo, November 8th, 1947"

PH62/33P
ARCAT Photograph Collection


In 1947 Cardinal McGuigan lived at 264 Old Yonge Street, where he was visited by a few Sisters of Saint Joseph on September 6:




One of the highlights of his year must have been his June trip to the Marian Congress in Ottawa, where he was Papal Legate:

Cardinal McGuigan with other Papal representatives at the Marian Congress.

June 1947

PH 09M/42P
ARCAT Photograph Collection


The Congress drew a few hundred thousand pilgrims to Ottawa, and there were many spectators for the parade held in its honour:

"People cling like flies to every vantage point to watch the monster two-hour long parade which was a feature event of the Marian Congress Saturday, with 20 religious floats."

June 1947

PH 09M/54P
ARCAT Photograph Collection


Besides being a frozen moment in time on a sunny Saturday in June 1947, photos like this allow us to see some of the fashions that year. Many of the women's outfits were still the boxy utility style of wartime, but were giving way to more feminine shapes:

The hats were the best! 

Looking very cool in those shades.

For more of 1947's high points, including footage of Cardinal McGuigan at the Marian Congress, the CNE, the Stanley Cup game, and the Santa Claus Parade, check out this amazing video posted by Library and Archives Canada:





And for more footage of Cardinal McGuigan and the Marian Congress, check out this video:







Friday, 11 January 2019

Director's Cut: 1914 Album - Archdiocese of Toronto property record

One of my favourite items in our archival holdings is a photo album from 1914 featuring exterior shots of many of the churches in the Archdiocese of Toronto. We've shared several photographs from this album in various posts.

Collage of photos previously scanned from PH 31P/227AL. Includes: Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish, Toronto (01); St. Mary's Parish, Toronto (03); St. Anthony's Parish, Toronto (04); Holy Family Parish, Toronto (06); St. Helen's Parish and rectory, Toronto (07); St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto (08); St. Cecilia's Parish, Toronto (11); St. Patrick's Parish, Toronto (13); House of Providence, Toronto (17); Loretto Academy, Toronto (19); St. Stanislaus Parish, Toronto (21); Sacred Heart Orphanage, Sunnyside, Toronto (22); St. Michael's Cathedral rectory, Toronto (23); St. Michael's Cathedral, Toronto (24); St. Michael's School, Toronto (25); St. Clare Parish, Toronto (29); St. Ann's Parish, Toronto (35); St. Joseph's College School, Toronto (37); St. Catharines School, St. Catharines (40); St. Joseph's College School and Convent, Toronto (43); and St. Paul's Parish and rectory, Toronto (45).





This photo album was commissioned in 1914 and reflects the geographical boundaries of the Archdiocese at that time. Each page consists of one representative photograph of the building, mounted on a fabric backing. Buildings include churches, schools and institutions owned by or associated with the Archdiocese of Toronto. The album is not a comprehensive property survey, however, as some of the existing churches within the city of Toronto and the majority of rural churches were not photographed for this project. In total, there are 45 black & white or sepia tone photographs.

How PH 31P/227AL is being preserved.

ARCAT Staff Photo

Typewritten in blue ink on the fabric support of each print is the name or location of the photographed building. To enhance the long-term preservation of the photographs, the album was taken apart and the photos were placed in individual archival sleeves. Unfortunately the original cover was not photographed before it was discarded, but included the title "Archdiocese of Toronto, CANADA".

This album is credited to Pringle and Booth of Toronto, and was apparently a feature of the waiting room at the former location of the Chancery Office at 355 Church Street. When the offices were moved to our current location at 1155 Yonge Street, someone wisely decided that this album should be preserved in the Archives.

Here are a few of the photographs from outside the city of Toronto that we had not scanned until now:

St. Gregory the Great Parish, Oshawa

PH 31P/227AL (31)
ARCAT Photo Collection



St. Ann's Parish, Penetanguishene

PH 31P/227AL (27)
ARCAT Photo Collection



Friday, 4 January 2019

Remembering Bishop Attila Miklósházy

On December 28th, 2018, Most Reverend Bishop Attila Miklósházy, S.J., passed away in his residence at René Goupil House (Jesuit Infirmary) in Pickering, Ontario. Bishop Miklósházy was 87 years old and in his 57th year of the priesthood with the Jesuits. He leaves behind an impressive legacy as a teacher of theology and liturgy, and was deeply loved and appreciated for his work with Hungarian communities. As we show our remembrance and appreciation for the life and work of Bishop Miklósházy, we wish to share our own archival photographs of him.

Portrait of Bishop Miklósházy, S.J., seated wearing his episcopal garb
1989

PH27J/48CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection

Attila Miklósházy was born in Hungary in 1931 and entered the Society of Jesus in 1949. After leaving Hungary during the revolution of 1956, he came to Canada and was ordained a priest in Toronto in 1961. He taught theology at Loyola College in Montreal from 1963-64, at Regis College in Toronto from 1968-74, at the Faculty of Theology at the University of St. Michael's College in Toronto from 1974-1984, and at St. Augustine's Seminary in Toronto from 1984-1998, where he would become Professor Emeritus in 1997 and hold the position of Dean.

St. Augustine's Seminary Faculty
1988
(Attila Miklósházy top row, first from the right)

PH26F/02P
ARCAT Photograph Collection

In 1989, Father Attila Miklósházy was appointed titular Bishop of Castellum Minus by the Holy Father, Pope John Paul II, and became responsible for the spiritual assistance of Hungarian emigrants throughout the world. He was ordained a Bishop by Cardinal Emmett Carter on November 4, 1989, at St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica in Toronto. Bishop Miklósházy was a member of the National Liturgical Council of the Canadian Bishops and the Canadian Liturgical Society (ecumenical). He also participated for 15 years in the Anglican/Roman Catholic Theological Dialogue in Canada. After his retirement as Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology and Liturgy in 2006, he continued his episcopal duties by visiting various Hungarian communities around the globe. In most recent years, he spent his time translating Jesuit texts and the talks of Pope Francis into Hungarian.

Episcopal Ordination of Bishop Attila Miklósházy, S.J.
St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica
4 November 1989


PH31C/274CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection
Episcopal Ordination of Bishop Attila Miklósházy, S.J.
St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica
4 November 1989

PH31C/273CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection
Episcopal Ordination of Bishop Attila Miklósházy, S.J.
St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica
4 November 1989

PH31C/267CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection
Episcopal Ordination of Bishop Attila Miklósházy, S.J.
St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica
4 November 1989
(Bishop Attila Miklósházy center left, Cardinal Emmett Cardinal center right)

PH31C/276CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection
Attila Miklósházy at his Episcopal Ordination as Bishop
St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica
4 November 1989

PH31C/260CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection

Bishop Attila Miklósházy's funeral took place on January 3rd at St. Michael's Cathedral Basilica in Toronto. Immediately following the mass, interment took place at Queen of Clergy Cemetery on St. Augustine's Seminary grounds.

PH27J/47CP
ARCAT Photograph Collection

Friday, 28 December 2018

Record of the Week: Missale Romanum

I've said it before, and I'll say it again: the best part of this job is coming across cool things that we didn't know we had. Like a lot of archives, not everything in our collection is in our database, so when we're looking for blog ideas some items don't pop up for discovery as easily. For this post, I was looking through the paper finding aid of our collection of missals, and noticed that we have one that was printed in Paris in 1683 with the note "used for the first mass at Old St. Paul's in 1824." We were all blown away. We didn't know we had something this awesome in a box in the basement! 

We don't have absolute proof that this was the missal used at that first mass, but it is certainly a well-used volume, and we had a lot of fun flipping through the pages.


The missal is covered with brown leather, and it looks like it had some kind of clasp at one time:

Front cover of the 1683 Missal

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

The title page is beautifully illuminated with cherubs, and it looks like it got too close to a candle at some point:

Published in Paris in 1683

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

The next page confirms the St. Paul's origin:

This belongs to the Catholic church of York, U.C. When you're the only church in town, you don't have to mention your name!

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections


The beginning of the book has charts to help readers figure out the liturgical year:

This is what they had to use before Google

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

Instructions for the priest seem to be printed in red, and the words he says aloud are printed in black:

The Order of Mass

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

Do you recognize this part of the mass? 

Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus, Dominus Deus Sabaoth. Pleni sunt caeli & terra gloria tua, Hosanna in excelsis. Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini. Honsanna in excelsis.

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

The missal uses the square notation of Gregorian Chant:

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

The missal contains several historiated initials, which are first letters of paragraphs containing scenes: 

Historiated initial showing the Last Supper

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

There are also several lovely engravings decorating the pages:

Behold the Lamb of God

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

MS36
ARCAT Special Collections

Now it's time for me to learn Latin so I can read this without having to use a translator!

Friday, 21 December 2018

Celebrating Christmas Mass

Christmas is, next to the Easter Triddum, the most important Mass celebration in the Catholic Church. Parishes traditionally prepare for several different Masses for Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, and each celebration will have a unique character defined by the time of day when it is to take place.

I recently found a small program for Christmas Mass Times at St. Michael's Cathedral from 1934. I was instantly drawn to the illustration on the cover and thought it would be appropriate to share ahead of the Christmas holidays.

"Jesus, sweetest Child born in Bethlehem of Mary ever Virgin, swathed in rags, laid in the manger, announced by angels, visited by shepherds, have mercy upon us.

Jesus, sweetest child, made known to the three Magi by a star, adored in the arms of thy Mother, presented with the mystic gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh; have mercy upon us. -- From 'the Raccolta'"

Christmas Mass times, 1934. St. Michael's Parish Files. Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto.
 


Christmas Mass times, 1934. St. Michael's Parish Files. Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto
 
If you are interested in celebrating this Christmas at the Cathedral, here are this year's Christmas and New Year's Mass times.
 
You can also read more about the history and traditions of celebrating Christmas Mass on the website of the CCCB here.

Friday, 14 December 2018

God's Christmas Gift to Man

As the cold weather sets in and Christmas appears less than two weeks away, the streets and malls are gradually filling up with a frenzy of holiday shoppers. For some, you may still be brainstorming ideas of what gifts to get for the loved ones on your list.

This week, with the gift-giving nature of this holiday in mind, I went searching in our archives. If you're facing the cold and the crowds this weekend: good luck. In the meantime, enjoy this lighthearted Christmas hymn titled, "God's Christmas Gift to Man" by A. Farmer:

"God's Christmas Gift to Man" by A. Farmer
[before 1934]
Archbishop McNeil Fonds
MN PB03.08
 

Friday, 7 December 2018

A Singular Grace and Privilege Granted by Almighty God

December 8 is the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, when we celebrate the beginning of Mary's original-sin-free life. Though Church Fathers and theologians spoke of and debated Immaculate Conception for centuries, Pope Pius IX formally enshrined the idea in Catholic dogma on December 8th, 1854 in his bull Ineffabilis Deus:
"Wherefore, in humility and fasting, we unceasingly offered our private prayers as well as the public prayers of the Church to God the Father through his Son, that he would deign to direct and strengthen our mind by the power of the Holy Spirit. In like manner did we implore the help of the entire heavenly host as we ardently invoked the Paraclete. Accordingly, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, for the honor of the Holy and undivided Trinity, for the glory and adornment of the Virgin Mother of God, for the exaltation of the Catholic Faith, and for the furtherance of the Catholic religion, by the authority of Jesus Christ our Lord, of the Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and by our own: "We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.""

Mary holds a special place in the hearts of Catholics, and our love for her comes through in art, music, literature, and prayer. We were especially impressed by the altar that was decorated at St. Michael's Cathedral for the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in 1908:

Immaculate Conception Altar at St. Michael's Cathedral

December 8, 1908

PH102/0001/166P
ARCAT Photograph Collection

Immaculate Conception Altar at St. Michael's Cathedral, detail.

December 8, 1908

PH102/0001/166P
ARCAT Photograph Collection

Perhaps parishioners said the words of this 11th century prayer in front of this beautiful altar:
O Mary, you are inviolate, pure and without stain, you who became the glistening gate of heaven. O most dear and gracious Mother of Jesus, receive our modest songs of praise.
We beg you with heart and lips: make our bodies and our souls pure. By your sweet prayers, obtain eternal pardon for us. O Mother most kind! O Queen! O Mary! Who alone remained inviolate!

For more on the history of the Immaculate Conception dogma, check out articles from the International Marian Research Institute here and here.